Rooted in a large array of disciplines such as economics, sociology, anthropology, environmental science and health, these papers refer to various definitions and measures of vulnerability [ 9 ]. Scoping reviews generally differ from systematic reviews: Nevertheless, there is also a fairly large number of publications devoted exclusively to the study of vulnerable populations.
Vulnerability, Health care disparities, Inverse care law, Scoping review Background Health care disparities are well studied and documented problems that generally refer to differences in the quality of health care - in terms of access, treatment options, prevention and health outcomes - across groups that reflect social inequalities [ 1 - 6 ].
Although this unfortunate paradox of the availability of good medical care, which tends to vary inversely with the need for it, has already been well studied and documented [ 19 ], there is still little research on how the ICL operates.
Scoping reviews are used to methodically describe the size and nature of the evidence base for a particular topic area, which can in turn be used to identify gaps in the literature and make recommendations for future primary research [ 11 - 15 ].
Results The Related studies of hospital system confirmed our hypothesis of a direct correlation between co-existing vulnerability factors and health care disparities.
Conclusions Future research addressing the revealed gaps would help foster primary care interventions that are responsive to the needs of vulnerable people and, eventually, contribute to the reduction of health care disparities in society. Received Aug 24; Accepted Mar 7.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Although these papers sometimes suggest that people who are at risk of poor health are also more likely to face health care disparities, they do not usually focus on studying those disparities.
A total of candidate references were identified through a literature search, of which 23 publications were deemed relevant to our scoping review. Methods This scoping review is premised on the phenomenon termed the Inverse Care Law ICL [ 1718 ], which states that the people with the greatest health care needs receive the least health care services.
To reach these objectives, we used the scoping review as an investigative method. These publications have generally introduced and debated conceptual models as frameworks for studying the origin and the consequences of vulnerability on poor health [ 810 ].
The scoping review was our method of choice mainly because, given the exploratory nature of our research question, it was not possible for us to exclude heterogeneous evidence e. Thus, given the broad scope and rapidly growing scientific evidence, we argue that there is a need for a critical review of the literature aiming to grasp the strengths and weaknesses of the current state of knowledge.
Abstract Background The aim of this paper is to share the results of a scoping review that examined the relationship between health care disparities and the multiplicity of vulnerability factors that are often clustered together.
Moreover, few studies have examined the combined influence of multiple risk factors on obtaining needed health care services [ 21 ]. They also do not explicitly examine the link between health care disparities and the co-existence of multiple aspects of vulnerability.
Furthermore, our main purpose was to determine what is known, from the existing literature, about the relationship between health care disparities and the multiplicity of risk factors that are often clustered together and acting synergistically in the same individual.
Segments of the population at risk of poor health and health care disparities are usually considered as being vulnerable [ 78 ]. In regard to the health literature specifically, most of the papers use the concept of vulnerability to indicate the potential risk of developing certain diseases or suffering from environmental hazards.
The aim of the present review was to examine the concept of vulnerability in connection with the health care disparities faced by distinct subpopulations generally viewed as vulnerable.
The concept of vulnerability has become increasingly popular in the scientific literature over the last decades.Hence, in order to save on these resources, a system is required, which integrates all the data, and simplifies it, so as to take decisions in an easy, simple and cost effective process.
HMIS is the solution which simplifies hospital management. Jun 21, · Large regional and national healthcare systems are getting bigger and markets are increasingly consolidating, Modern Healthcare's annual survey of hospital.
WATER BILLING SYSTEM Review of Related Literature According to Book This chapter provides the related literature and studies significant to the proposed system.
This chapter also includes the theoretical framework of the existing system, and the conceptual framework of the proposed system.
Mar 12, · Health care disparities are well studied and documented problems that generally refer to differences in the quality of health care - in terms of access, treatment options, prevention and health outcomes - across.
A fall may result in fractures, lacerations, or internal bleeding, leading to increased health care utilization. Research shows that close to one-third of falls can be prevented. Fall prevention involves managing a patient's underlying fall risk factors and optimizing the hospital's physical design and environment.
Throughout the study, data on the number of catheter-related bloodstream infections and catheter-days were collected monthly from a trained, hospital-based infection-control practitioner.
Hospitals were given the NNIS definition of catheter-related bloodstream infection (Figure 1).Download